Stramtura

This commune is a land with an ancient history, always bound through its material and spiritual creation by the land and being of the Romanian people, with people who have made a pride from keeping traditions, ancestral costume and especially that hospitality characteristic to the area.

It is a very old settlement, situated on Iza River, which dates back to the Dacian-Roman period.

From written documents we find out that at the beginning of the fourteenth century, the locality was called “Terra Zurduky” that means the land from the strait. Much later, the locals and neighbors will call it Strâmtura. The name of the commune comes from its settlement, being situated on the Valley of Iza River, where this water narrows a lot between Piatra Ţiganului hill and “Prisaca” through which the river has cut an increasingly narrow river bed because of the rocky terrain, a true strait.

Strâmtura commune is located in the northern part of Maramureş County, 27 km from Sighetu Marmaţiei and 80 km from Baia Mare Municipality. With a population of about 4,000 inhabitants, Strâmtura commune is bordered to the northwest by Bârsana village, to the east by the localities Petrova, Leordina and Rozavlea and to the south by the localities Poienile Izei and Strâmbu-Băiuţ.

Throughout the commune are a lot of lanes named after the name of that part of the commune where the lane is located: Susanilor lane, Bisericii lane, Morii lane, Ioancii’s lane etc.

From east to west Strâmtura is crossed by DJ 185 Săcel-Vadu- Izei. From this road leave several rural roads, the most important being the ones that link the center of the village with the belonging villages: Slătioara, which is 5 km from the commune, respectively Glod, located at a distance of 8 km from the commune.

Folk Music Festival, organized annually in Glod locality

For more than a decade, the commune makes a merit of a children’s folk group. The young artists already have an enviable record: diplomas of merit, participation in festivals in the country and abroad and even a cassette together with the “seniors” from the “Strâmtureana” ensemble.

Fair at “Podul Slătioarei”      

The more precise location of this weekly fair is between Strâmtura village and Bârsana village, about 30 km from Sighetul Marmaţiei. During this authentic manifestation, you will be surrounded by traditional dishes and clothes, carved furniture in the style of Maramureş.

The celebration days of Strâmtura commune

Not every locality can make a merit of over 600 years from its documentary attestation. In Strâmtura however, the locals celebrate this through traditional music and dance, through the parade of the popular costume and fine foods.

Like the other neighboring villages, Strâmtura was part of the principality under the leadership of the voivodes from Cuhea (now Bogdan Vodă), which later disbanded after raising the princes to the title of leaders of county, probably granted to dissolve the system and administration of this kind. This was attempted because at the end of the fourth century, Maramureş was already integrated to Hungary.

In the documents along the time, the people of Strâmtura are known as active participants in the events that occurred. The most significant seem those related to the fight against the Tatars. The first Tatar invasion in Maramureş took place in 1566. On September 2, 1717, the Tatars were returning from Transylvania and went on the Iza Valley. At the place called “Piatra Ţiganului” between Strâmtura and Bârsana, the locals under the leadership of loan Stan and Simion Săpânţan, set a trap which has become a disaster for the invaders.

Strâmtura is a very old settlement and it was an important center before the time of the Roman rule. The proof is represented by the bronze objects discovered on 14 May 1885, objects that date back to the eleventh century BC, according to the specialists.

In 1326, on September 22, Strâmtura appears in the written documents bearing the name it has today. Thus, a diploma issued by King Charles Robert of Anjou shows that the appointed king “confers Stanislau Kenezul the land called Szurduk (Strâmtura) and exempts that land of any jurisdiction, proceedings and royal contribution and entitles the appointed Kenez that, according to the tradition and nobility laws, all the taxes of the peoples there stop anyone who would claim any contribution.”

In the year 1346, no one knows for which reason, one of Stanislaus’ followers required the strengthening of the diploma in 1326. It is believed, either that the successor of Charles Robert did not take into consideration the first diploma, or that other nobles were attempting to take possession of the estate.

The same year, the monkish convent from Lelesz, who had the right to authenticate the royal documents, transcribed on April 13, 1346 the ownership documents over Strâmtura commune. Strâmtura then passed into the possession of Prince Ioande at Rozavlea in 1411.